Types of cancer

Cancer develops when cells in a part of the body start to grow in an abnormal way. Cancer cell growth is different from normal cell growth and the cells can also invade (grow into) other tissues.

A group of cells can form a tumour anywhere in the body. Benign tumours do not spread, whereas malignant tumours can spread to other parts of the body. Cancer cells can affect how the organs work in the body.

Teenagers and younger adults can develop cancers commonly seen in children, as well as those more common for adults, such as melanoma, testicular cancer, and ovarian cancer.

Listed below are some of the main types of cancer that teenagers and young people are diagnosed with:
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL)
  • Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML)
  • Bone cancer
  • Brain tumours
  • Breast cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Hodgkin’s Disease
  • Lung cancer
  • Malignant melanoma (skin cancer)
  • Non–Hodgkins lymphoma
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Cervical cancer
  • Soft tissue sarcomas
  • Testicular cancer
  • Thyroid cancer

For more information on types of cancer please click on the links below:

Teenage Cancer Trust - Types of Cancer

Macmillan - Cancer Types

National Cancer Intelligence Network - Cancer Type

CLIC Sargent - Types of cancer